The single mode SFP or multimode SFP means the SFP transceivers which work at different types of optical fibers, ie single mode SFP will work with single mode fiber, while multimode SFP will work with multimode fiber. So, what’s the different between them? And what should we notice when using them. Today, we are going to have a discussion about this topic. If you want to know more about SFP transceiver, you can watch this video for understanding: What Is SFP Transceiver and How Does It Work?
Single mode SFP vs Multimode SFP
What Is Singlemode SFP?
Single mode fiber SFP has much tighter tolerances for optics used. The core is smaller and the laser wavelength is narrower. This means that SMF has the capability for higher bandwidth and much longer distances in transmission. Single mode SFP (SMF SFP) work mainly in 1310nm and 1550nm wavelength and is mostly used in long distances transmission environment reaching 2km, 10km, 40km, 60km, 80km, and 120km. The color coded bale clasp and color arrow on labels are generally blue, yellow or purple. And the color of compatible fiber optic patch cord is yellow.
- Blue is the 1310nm module
- Yellow is the 1550nm module
- Purple is the 1490nm module
What Is Multimode SFP?
Multimode fiber (MMF) uses a much bigger core and usually uses a longer wavelength of light. Because of this, the optics used in MMF have a higher capability to gather light from the laser. In practical terms, this means the optics are cheaper. The common multimode SFP (MMF SFP) work in 850nm wavelength and is only used for short distance transmission reaching 100m and 500m. Though it’s not able to transport for long distance, it can transport many kinds of optical signals. Their color coded bale clasp and color arrow on labels are black and the used fiber optic patch cord is usually orange.
What Should We Notice When Using Singlemode SFP & Multimode SFP
- Ensure that the SFPs in both ends of the fiber patch cord are of the same wavelength. A simple method is that the color of the modules must be consistent.
- In general, to ensure the data accuracy, short-wave SFP modules use with multimode fibers (ie. orange fiber patch cord), while long-wave SFP modules use with single-mode fiber (ie. yellow fiber patch cord).
- Do not over bend or winding fiber optic cables when using them. This will increase the attenuation of light in transit.
- If you don’t use the SFP, you must use the dust plug to protect the optical bore.
As we know, single mode and multimode are not interchangeable. The main reason is the wavelength of the laser and core size of the fiber. However, take Cisco SFP for example, there is a type of the GBIC SFP module (part number “SFP-GE-L” or “GLC-LH-SM“) which can support both single mode and multimode fiber. But a mode-conditioning patch cord is required when using the SFP-GE-L or GLC-LH-SMD with 62.5-micron diameter MMF. You must install a mode-conditioning patch cord between the GBIC module or SFP module (view GBIC vs SFP) and the MMF cable on both the transmit and the receive ends of the link when link distances are greater than 984 ft (300 m). In this case, Cisco does not recommend using the SFP-GE-L or GLC-LH-SM and MMF with no patch cord for very short link distance (tens of meters). The result could be an elevated bit error rate (BER). Actually, other brands, like Brocade, also can offer a similar SFP module.
When we choosing the SFP module, we must confirm the transmission distance and wavelength we want to use it. This will help us to choose the right SFP types more efficiently. In addition, the costs for transceiver modules which keep adding up over time will be a budget pressure for many users. To save more, we can choose the compatible module without sacrificing any quality or reliability but only at a low cost. Fiberstore, an excellent supplier, supplies 100% compatible fiber optic transceiver modules of many brands, such as Cisco, HP, Juniper, Brocade, etc. with an incredible discount that may be a good choice for you.