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How to Set the Domain ID to Implement the Switches

How to Set the Domain ID to Implement the Switches

Each switch in the fabric must have a unique Domain ID. The Domain ID can be set using the configure command. You can also allow the Domain ID to be set automatically. The default Domain ID for the SAN768B IS 1.

To set the Domain ID, follow these steps:

1.Enter the fabric show command to determine the current Domain IDS available.

2.Enter the switch Disable command to disable the SAN768B

3.Enter the configure command. Enter y at the fabric parameters pro met: Fabric parameters (yes, y, no, n)

4.Then, enter a unique Domain ID

5.Complete the remaining prompts or press Ctrl+D to accept the other setting and to exit.

6.Enter the switch Enable command to re-enable the SAN768B.

7.Add SFPs and fiber optic cables to the ports as required. Cables: The ports and cables that are used in trunking groups must meet specific requirements.

8.Remove the shipping plug from the ports to be used.

9.Position the SFP so that the key (the tab near the cable-end of the SFP)is on top, and insert the SFP into the port until it is firmly seated and the latching mechanism makes a clicking sound. For specific instructions, see the SFP manufacture’s documentation. Attention: The SFP module is keyed so that it can only be inserted correctly into the port. If the module does not slide in easily, make sure it is not upside down.

10.Connect the fiber optic cable to the SFPs as appropriate to the fabric topology by positioning each cable so that the key (the ridge on one side of the cable connector) is aligned with the slot in the SFP, then inserting the cable into the SFP until it is firmly seated and the latching mechanism makes a clicking sound.

Attention: The cable is keyed so that it can only be inserted correctly into the SFP, if the cable does not slide in easily, try turning it over.

11.Verify the correct operation of the switch.

12.Enter the following command at the Telnet prompt to verify the switch and port status

Switch show Backups: This command provides information about the status of the switch and the ports. Always back up to the configuration after any initial configuration changes and then perform backups periodically thereafter. This ensure that a complete configuration is available if ever required for uploading to a replacement switch. Switch configuration is backed up by issuing a configupload to the FTP server. You must install a SFP module ineach interface connector on the controller where a fiber-optic cable is to be installed.

SFP module

To give its customers flexibility as to the type of Ethernet links, even after the customer has bought the switch, Cisco switches include some physical ports whose port hardware can be changed later, after you purchase the switch. One type of port is called a gigabit interface converter(GBIC), which happened to first arrive on the market around the same time as Gigabit Ethernet, so it was given the same “gigabit”

name. More recently, improved smaller types of removable interfaces, called small form-factor pluggable (SFP), provide the same function of giving users the ability to swap hardware and change the type of physical link.

For example, Cisco SFP 10G SR, The Cisco SFP-10G-SR Module supports a link length of 26m on standard Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI)-grade multimode fiber (MMF). Using 2000MHz*km MMF (OM3), up to 300m link lengths are possible. Using 4700MHz*km MMF (OM4), up to 400m link lengths are possible. and its feature is that SFP+ transceiver module for MMF, 850-nm wavelength, LC duplex connector.

Cisco SFP-H10GB-CU1M, a kind of SFP-H10GB-CU1M, 1-m 10G SFP+ Twinax cable assembly and belongs to passive device. This is a 10-meter long twinax SFP cable providing 10 Gbps Ethernet. At a length of 10 meters, this cable requires active transceivers at both ends.

As you know, I work at Fiberstrore now, it designs, manufactures, and sells a broad portfolio of optical communication products, including passive optical network, or PON, subsystems, optical transceivers used in the enterprise, access, and metropolitan segments of the market, as well as other optical components, modules, and subsystems. And there is a good news that many products are in the price at a discount of 30% now and welcome to viit our online Fiberstore.

SFP Plus Direct Attach Copper Cables

SFP Plus Direct Attach Copper Cables

What is SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cable?

SFP+ direct attach copper cable, also known as Twinax Cable, is a SFP+ cable assembly used in rack connections between servers and switches. It consists of a high speed copper cable and two copper SFP+ modules. The Plus SFP module allow hardware manufactures to achieve high port density, configurability and utilization at a very low cost and reduced power budget.

Direct Attach Cable assemblies are a high speed, cost-effective alternative to fiber optic cables in 10Gb Ethernet, 8Gb Fibre Channel and InfiniBand applications. They are suitable for short distances, making them ideal for highly cost-effective networking connectivity within a rack and between adjacent racks. They enable hardware OEMs and data center operators to achieve high port density and configurability at a low cost and reduced power requirement.

Fiberwtore SFP+ copper cable assemblies meet the industry MSA for signal integrity performance. The cables are hot-removable and hot-insertable: You can remove and replace them without powering off the switch or disrupting switch functions. A cable comprises a low-voltage cable assembly that connects directly into two SFP+ ports, one at each end of the cable. The cables use high-performance integrated duplex serial data links for bidirectional communication and are designed for data rates of up to 10 Gbps. Similar to the fiber patch cables, the SFP+ direct attach cables are made up of a cable and two connectors, with the difference that connectors are the SFP+ transceivers instead.

 

Types of SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cables

SFP+ Copper Cable assemblies generally have two types which are Passive and Active versions.

FiberStore SFP Plus Passive CableFiberStore SFP Plus Active Cable

1. SFP+ Passive Copper Cable
SFP+ passive copper cable assemblies offer high-speed connectivity between active equipment with SFP+ ports. The passive assemblies are compatible with hubs, switches, routers, servers, and network interface cards (NICs) from leading electronics manufacturers like Cisco, Juniper, etc..

2. SFP+ Active Copper Cable
SFP+ active copper cable assemblies contain low power circuitry in the connector to boost the signal and are driven from the port without additional power requirements. The active version provides a low cost alternative to optical transceivers, and are generally used for end of row or middle of row data center architectures for interconnect distances of up to 15 meters.

 

Applications of SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cables

~ Networking – servers, routers and hubs
~ Enterprise storage
~ Telecommunication equipment
~ Network Interface Cards (NICs)
~ 10Gb Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet (IEEE802.3ae)
~ Fibre Channel over Ethernet: 1, 2, 4 and 8G
~ InfiniBand standard SDR (2.5Gbps), DDR (5Gbps) and QDR (10Gbps)
~ Serial data transmission
~ High capacity I/O in Storage Area Networks, Network Attached Storage, and Storage Servers
~ Switched fabric I/O such as ultra high bandwidth switches and routers
~ Data center cabling infrastructure
~ High density connections between networking equipment

 

FiberStore SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cables Solution

Our SFP+ twinax copper cables are avaliable with custom version and brand compatible version. All of them are 100% compatible with major brands like Cisco, HP, Juniper, Enterasys, Extreme, H3c and so on. If you want to order high quality compatible SFP+ cables and get worldwide delivery, we are your best choice.

For instance, our compatible Cisco SFP+ Copper Twinax direct-attach cables are suitable for very short distances and offer a cost-effective way to connect within racks and across adjacent racks. We can provide both passive Twinax cables in lengths of 1, 3 and 5 meters, and active Twinax cables in lengths of 7 and 10 meters. (Tips: The lengths can be customized up to the customers’ requirements.)

 

Features of FiberStore SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cables

~ 1m/3m/5m/7m/10m/12m available
~ RoHS Compatible
~ Enhanced EMI suppression
~ Low power consumption
~ Compatible to SFP+ MSA
~ Hot-pluggable SFP 20PIN footprint
~ Parallel pair cable
~ 24AWG through 30AWG cable available
~ Data rates backward compatible to 1Gbps
~ Support serial multi-gigabit data rates up to 10Gbps
~ Support for 1x, 2x, 4x and 8x Fibre Channel data rates
~ Low cost alternative to fiber optic cable assemblies
~ Pull-to-release retractable pin latch
~ I/O Connector designed for high speed differential signal applications
~ Temperature Range: 0~ 70°C
~ Passive and Active assemblies available (Active Version: Low Power Consumption: < 0.5W Power Supply: +3.3V)

 

FAQ of FiberStore SFP+ Direct Attach Copper Cables

1. What are the performance requirements for the cable assembly?
Our SFP+ copper passive and active cable assemblies meet the signal integrity requirements defined by the industry MSA SFF-8431. We can custom engineer cable assemblies to meet the requirements of a customer’s specific system architecture.

2. Are passive or active cable assemblies required?
Passive cables have no signal amplification in the assembly and rely on host system Electronic Dispersion Compensation (EDC) for signal amplification/equalization. Active cable assemblies have signal amplification and equalization built into the assembly. Active cable assemblies are typically used in host systems that do not employ EDC. This solution can be a cost savings to the customer.

3. What wire gauge is required?
We offer SFP+ cable assemblies in wire gauges to support customers’ specific cable routing requirements. Smaller wire gauges results in reduced weight, improved airflow and a more flexible cable for ease of routing.

4. What cable lengths are required?
Cable length and wire gauge are related to the performance characteristics of the cable assembly. Longer cable lengths require heavier wire gauge, while shorter cable lengths can utilize a smaller gauge cable.

5. Are there any special customer requirements?
Examples of special customer requirements include: custom cable lengths, EEPROM programming, labeling and packaging, pull tab length and color, company logo, signal output de-emphasis, and signal output amplitude. We can custom engineer cables to specific customer system architecture.

SFP Media Converters Those Support Fast Ethernet Standards

SFP Media Converters Those Support Fast Ethernet Standards

SFP Media Converter is a Fiber to Ethernet Media Converter with Fast Ethernet ports, dual-rate Fast/Gigabit Ethernet ports, or Gigabit Ethernet ports. The ports allow for flexible network configurations using SFP transceivers. And the Fast Ethernet SFP Media Converter uses Fast Ethernet SFPs.

FiberStore Fast Ethernet  SFP Media Converter

According to the types of Fast Ethernet SFPs, there are corresponding kinds of Fast Ethernet SFP Media Converters. We should know the Fast Ethernet standards to understand this device.

Fast Ethernet is a collective term for a number of Ethernet standards that carry traffic at the nominal rate of 100Mbps, against the original Ethernet speed of 10Mbps. There are several Fast Ethernet standards including 100Base-T, 100Base-TX, 100Base-FX, 100Base-SX, 100Base-BX, etc.. Obviously, the “100” means 100Mbps rate.

100Base-T is an initial Fast Ethernet standard for twisted pair cables. The segment length for a 100Base-T cable is limited to 100m. 100Base-TX is the predominant form of Fast Ethernet, and runs over two wire-pairs inside a CAT5 or above cable. Since a typical CAT5 cable contains 4 pairs, it can support two 100Base-TX links with a wiring adaptor. Of the Fast Ethernet standards, 100Base-TX is by far the most widespread and is supported by the vast majority of Ethernet hardware currently produced.

100Base-FX is a version of Fast Ethernet over optical fiber. It uses a 1300nm NIR light wavelength transmitted via two strands of optical fiber, one for receive(RX) and the other for transmit(TX). 100Base-FX should use SC, ST, LC, MTRJ or MIC connectors with SC being the preferred option. However, it is not compatible with 10Base-FL, the 10Mbps version over optical fiber. A 100Base-FX SFP operates on ordinary MMF (multimode fiber) link spans up to 2km.

100Base-SX is another version of Fast Ethernet over optical fiber. It uses two strands of multimode optical fiber for RX and TX. It is a lower cost alternative to using 100Base-FX, because it uses short wavelength optics which are significantly less expensive than the long wavelength optics used in 100Base-FX. 100Base-SX can operate at distances up to 550m. It uses the same wavelength as 10Base-FL. Unlike 100Base-FX, this allows 100Base-SX to be backwards compatible with 10Base-FL. Because of the shorter wavelength used (850nm) and the shorter distance it can support, 100Base-SX uses less expensive optical components (LEDs instead of lasers) which make it an attractive option for those upgrading from 10Base-FL and those who do not require long distances.

100Base-BX is a version of Fast Ethernet over a single strand of optical fiber, while 100Base-FX uses a pair of fibers. Single-mode fiber is used along with a special multiplexer which splits the signal into TX and RX wavelengths. The two wavelengths used for TX and RX are 1310/1550nm. The terminals on each side of the fiber are not equal, as the one transmitting downstream uses the 1550nm wavelength, and the one transmitting upstream uses the 1310nm wavelength. Its transfer distances can be 10, 20 or 40 km. A 100Base-BX SFP operates on ordinary SMF (single mode fiber) single-strand link spans up to 10km.

Contraposing to these different standards, Fast Ethernet SFP Media Converters are designed with different SFP ports to support the 100Base-T SFP, 100Base-FX SFP, 100Base-SX SFP, 100Base-BX SFP and even 100Base-FX to 100Base-TX SFP transceiver which is used in the converter with two SFP ports (100Base-FX and 100Base-TX).

FiberStore supplies not only 100Base SFP Media Converters for Fast Ethernet, but also 1000Base SFP Media Converters for Gigabit Ethernet. These SFP Media Converters extend copper to fiber, multimode to multimode and multimode to single mode fiber by working with the SFP module. An extensive range of SFP Media Converters are in stock to meet every fiber conversion need.

Here are some features of FiberStore’s Fast Ethernet SFP Media Converters

1. Extend Fast Ethernet network distances up to 120km

2. Support multimode and single mode fiber

3. Support SC, LC and ST fiber connectors

4. Special functions like Link Pass-Through, Far-End Fault, Auto-MDIX and Loopback

Tips: Link Pass Through is a troubleshooting feature that allows the media converter to monitor both the fiber and copper RX ports for loss of signal. Auto-MDIX is a function automatically detects and configures the twisted pair port on the converter to the correct MDI-X configuration.

Optical Transceiver Module Tutorial From Fiberstore

Optical Transceiver Module Tutorial From Fiberstore

What is an Optical Transceiver module?

Optical Transceiver is a computer chip that uses fiber optic technology to communicate between other devices. This is opposed to a chip that transfers information electrically through metal wires and circuits or by the process of using various wave forms to communicate data. An optical transceiver chip is an integrated circuit (IC) that transmits and receives data using optical fiber rather than electrical wire.

Optical transceivers are typically used to create high bandwidth links between network switches. With the optical transceiver you can also create data transmission links capable of long range transmission.

Tips: Click here to know about the jargons related to fiber optic transceivers.

Development of Optical Transceiver Modules

Optical transceivers play an important role in conveying information across communication channels for Ethernet systems. They act as the all-in-one objects that receive and convey inforamtion, similar to those found in radios and telephone systems. With an optical transceiver, networks save much more space and avoid the need of having a transmitter and receiver apart inside a network. Capable of transmitting information further and faster than older models, the newer transceivers continue to change the way transceivers are used and appear, making for smaller, more compact modules than before. Here is a simple development of the transceivers.

Earliest Modules
SFP Module is one of the earliest transceiver devices which were created for Gigabit Ethernet networks and were preferred for their hot-swappable abilities. GBIC, or Gigabit interface Converters, allowed networks the ability to transmit data across copper or fiber-optic channels, creating a more versatile device than transmitters and receivers. Of course, GBIC modules were also have defect, and many had size and compatibility issues that limited their ability to transmit data across particular distances and at certain wavelengths.

XENPAK Modules
XENPAK became the new standard transceiver with increased support across longer distances and for multiple wavelengths. Unlike GBIC transceivers that sent information across either copper or fiber optic channels, XENPAKs included support for both networks, creating a better, more flexible module. And unlike the bigger GBIC transceivers, XENPAKs were capable of conveying data across short and long distances due to their configuration settings located inside the devices. When utilizing a single-mode configuration, networks create a single ray of light to send data across a long distance, while they use a multimode setup to transmit information across short distances. Both single and multimode fiber optics were utilized by networks, creating the XENPAK device ideal.

10 Gigabit Ethernet
X2 Transceiver and XPAK that the older XENPAK modules could no longer keep up with, were made when the 10 Gigabit Ethernet standard took hold. The smaller, more flexible X2 and XPAK standards allowed for even more support for the different Ethernet standards and were capable of transmitting data across longer distances.

And when the 10G SFP (SFP Plus or SFP+) came into existence, the competing standards of X2 and XPAK couldn’t continue to control the market as they once had any more. SFP+ modules allowed for more configuration standards for networks, providing various wavelength and distance configurations for Ethernet.

 

Principle of Optical Transceiver Modules

Optical transceiver generally includes both a transmitter and a receiver in a single module. The transmitter and receiver are arranged in parallel so that they can operate independently of each other. Both the receiver and the transmitter have their own circuitry so that they can handle transmissions in both directions. The transmitter takes an electrical input and converts it to an optical output from a laser diode or LED. The light from the transmitter is coupled into the fiber with a connector and is transmitted through the fiber optic cable plant. The light from the end of the fiber is coupled to a receiver where a detector converts the light into an electrical signal which is then conditioned properly for use by the receiving equipment.

In a word, the optical transceiver module is the role of the photoelectric conversion. The transmitter converts electrical signals into light signals, and through the fiber optic transmission, the receiving end of the optical signals are converted into electric signals.

How Optical Transceivers Work In Personal Computers

When there is an issue, the pieces that make up the personal computers could be a mystery for many people. Without having an established understanding, we can feel helpless and incapable of fixing even the most basic of problems on ourself. So, it’s necessary to make clear that how the transceivers work in the computers.

Considering that many of us are constantly on the internet, it may be easy to get an understanding of the most basic optical transceivers and how they make it so you can connect an search the internet with ease. To provide you with a straight connection to the web, you are either connected through a wireless network, or to an Ethernet cable which is connected to your modem or router when you are online. The Cat5 cable as it is also known, plugs into the computer by using the optical transceiver, which is often not housed on the side of your laptop, or the reverse end of the CPU.

There are many various modules that can be utilized as your optical transceiver. Unlike XFP modules, Cisco SFP modules, GigaBit interface converters, or GBIC modules, are some of your more average transceivers, and are input/output modules with one end that plugs into a gigabit ethernet port, while the opposing side is plugged into the fiber patch cables and links the fiber optic networks. Allowing the devices to process the data accordingly, the base function of the GBIC module is to communicate the signals between the Ethernet network and fiber optic network. One terrific aspect of the GBIC module is that it’s a hot pluggable, allotting for a port to be changed from one kind of external interface to another by simply plugging the module in to an alternate external interface without having to power down the host switch or router in the process.

Application of Optical Transceiver Modules

Optical transceiver, essentially just completed the converted of data between different media, can realize the connection between two switches or computers in the 0-120km distance. Its main function is to achieve the conversion between optical-electrical and electrical-optical, including optical power control, modulation transmission, signal detection, IV conversion and limiting amplifier decision regeneration. In addition, there are security information query, TX-disable and other functions. Here is a summary in the practical application.

1. Optical transceivers can realize the interconnection between switches.

2. Optical transceivers can realize the interconnection between the switch and the computer.

3. Optical transceivers can realize the interconnection between computers.

4. Optical transceivers can act as the transmission repeater.
When the actual transfer distance exceeds the nominal transmission distance of the transceiver, in particular, the actual transfer distance exceeds 120km alerts, with 2 sets transceiver back to back in the case of on-site conditions allow, repeaters or the use of “optical-optical” conversiona relay, is a very cost-effective solution.

5. Optical transceivers can offer conversion between single-mode and multimode fiber connection.
When the networks appear to need a single multimode fiber connection, you can use a multimode transceiver and a single-mode transceiver back-to-back connections, which can solve the problem of single multimode fiber converted.

6. Optical transceivers can offer WDM transmission.
The lack of resources of long-distance fiber optic cable, in order to improve the utilization rate of the fiber optic cable, and reduce the cost, transceiver and wavelength division multiplexer (WDM multiplexer) with the use of two-way information on the same fiber transmission.

Classification of Optical Transceiver Modules

Optical Transceiver modules can be classified according to the following aspects.

1. Optical Fiber Type
Single-mode fiber transceiver and Multimode fiber transceiver. The single-mode version has a transmission distance of 20 to 120 km, while the multimode one’s is 2 to 5 km. Due to the different transmission distance, the transceivers’ transmit power, receiver sensitivity and the use of wavelength will be different.

2. Optical Fiber Count
Simplex fiber transceiver and Duplex fiber transceiver. The simplex version receives the data sent in a single fiber transmission, While the duplex one receives data transmitted on a dual fiber transmission. By definition, single fiber devices can save half of the fiber, a fiber that is in the receive and transmit data, where the fiber is very applicable to resource constraints. These products use the wavelength division multiplexing techniques, mostly using the wavelength 1310nm and 1550nm.

3. Transmission Rate
Transmission rate refers to the number of gigabits transmitted per second, per unit of Mbps or Gbps. Optical modules cover the following main rate: low rates, Fast, Gigabit, 1.25G, 2.5G, 4.25G, 4.9G, 6G, 8G, 10G and 40G.

4. Package
SFP, SFP+, GBIC, XFP, XENPAK, X2, 1X9, SFF, 200/3000pin, XPAK
, etc. Click for Details About Related Packages.

 

FiberStore Optical Transceiver Custom Solutions

Fiberstore SFP Plus Transceiver Modules Are On Sale Now

Fiberstore SFP Plus Transceiver Modules Are On Sale Now

fiberstore-sfp-plusFiberstore has been supplying optical transceivers since years ago. The SFP plus transceiver modules are on sale recently and almost all the transceiver modules are much cheap then before.

SFP plus, or SFP+, is the upgraded version of the previous SFP module with higher data rate and new industrial standards. It is small compared to any of the currently shipping form factors and provides the best density per line card.

SFP+ offers customers both immediate benefits and long-term advantages in supporting evolving data center needs. The SFP+ specification was initially published on May 9, 2006, and version 4.1 was published on July 6, 2009. It’s a international industry format supported by many network component vendors.

SFP+ is an innovative, next-generation transceiver module. Initially, it’s targeted to support speeds of 10 Gbps for next-generation Gigabit Ethernet applications (10G SFP) and eight.5Gbps Fiber Channel systems. What is more, SFP+ is by using lower power consumption for under 1W which is even economical. These transceivers are with managed digital optical monitoring and superior high temperature performance.

Several industrial acknowledged standards for SFP+ has been released for 10Gpbs networks, including 10Gbase-SR, which define the SFP+ transceiver working with OM3 10G multimode fiber at 30 to 300 meters range, 10Gbase-LR which define the SFP+ transceiver dealing with single mode fiber at 10km range, 10Gbase-LRM which define the FDDI multimode fiber at around 220 meters range. These 3 versions of SFP+ are generally called SFP-10G-SR, SFP-10G-LR and SFP-10G-LRM for brief in Cisco SFP+ series. Click to buy Cisco SFP-10G-SR from Fiberstore.

In comparison to earlier XENPAK or XFP modules, SFP+ module is by using more compact size compared with the former 10G transceivers such as X2 and XENPAK, leaving more circuitry to become implemented around the host board rather than inside the module. SFP+ manily has three advantages. First, it has a more compact form factor package than X2 and XFP. Second, it can connect with exactly the same data rate of XFP, X2 And XENPAK directly. Third, the cost of SFP+ is lower than XFP, X2 And XENPAK.

SFP+ transceiver is interchangeable with SFP transceiver and can be used in exactly the same cages as SFP transceiver. For 10G applications, SFP+ transceiver includes a smaller footprint minimizing power consumption than XFP transceiver. The electrical interface towards the host board for SFP transceiver and SFP+ transceiver is the same serial.

Many companies, such as Cisco, have released SFP+ transceivers. SFP+ ensures the 10Gbps data transmission and the most densely installation capability as well as the lowest cost. Currently it is well known as the best option for the 10Gbps fiber optic transceivers. Included in this, Cisco SFP+ transceiver may be the mainstream market. Cisco 10Gbase SFP transceivers are used for high speed 10Gigabit Ethernet, linking the gear to fiber optic networks. Cisco SFP+ products include active SFP+ cables and SFP+ transceivers. There is also copper transceiver offered by Cisco.

Tips: the Cisco SFP transceivers mentioned in this article are Cisco compatible SFP plus transceivers which are manufactured by FiberStore.