Typical Fiber Patch Panel Types On The Market

With the Internet of Things on the rise, more and more electric devices such as building automation controls, LED lights are becoming IP enabled and linking to the cabling infrastructure. There may be scenarios where linked data cables are not seen everywhere when connecting all the devices. Instead, a mass of patch cables are terminated in the telecommunication rooms. Technicians choose different fiber optic patch panel types to terminate the data cables and provide access to the cable’s individual fibers for cross-connection. So what are the typical fiber patch panel types on the market? This article will help you find something.

Benefits of Using Fiber Patch Panel

Fiber patch panels provide a convenient way to rearrange data cable connections and circuits. Using fiber patch panels, network technicians can easily connect cable fibers via cross connection, test the patch panel, and connect it to lightwave equipment. These patch panels are also used as a link demarcation point and in labeling the cable’s individual fibers. All in all, using fiber patch panel can achieve cable management including cable identification, and cable pulling.

Typical Fiber Patch Panel Types On The Market

Commonly, typical fiber patch panels are divided in two types, the rack mount and wall mount type.

  • rack mount

Rack mount patch panel is generally made for standard 19 inch rack mounting. To provide the best products and services to the customers, FS.COM launches the FHD and FHX series products.

The FHD rack mount fiber patch panels are available in 1U, 2U and 4U rack. They are made of SPCC materials with the sliding types like a drawer. Sliding the panel open allows users to push or pull cables more stable as well as faster. There are trays and splice sleeves, accessories, inside the patch panel, which are designed to hold fiber adapter panels or MPO/MTP cassettes.

ack mount fiber patch panel

FS.COM releases the 1U FHX rack mount ultra high density fiber enclosure in order to meet the requirements of most extreme fiber density conditions. With 3 independently sliding drawers, it can support 12 port cassettes or panel. Therefore, in 1 rack unit, the FHX ultra rack mount enclosure can handle up to 144 fiber cables connections.

FHX ultra rack mount fiber enclosure

  • wall mount

Wall mount type is the fiber enclosure that can be mounted on walls. FS.COM offers FHD wall mount fiber patch panels which have the designs of 2 door 2 adapters and 2 door 4 adapters as the option. It’s usually equipped with high density cassettes fixed on walls. The cassettes are in a space-saving and mountable panel enclosure. Wall mount patch panel benefits from several aspects like space saving. For more details, you can refer to Introduction of FHD Wall Mount Patch Panel.

FHD wall mount fiber patch panel

Advice On Choosing Suitable Fiber Patch Panel Type

Choosing a suitable fiber patch panel type is the wise practice. Port density, rack size and space should be considered when buying fiber patch panel. Both rack mount and wall mount patch panel are the effective measures for cable management. If there is no enough space in network place and not too many fiber cables around, the wall mount fiber patch panel is a better choice. Otherwise, you will need a rack on which you can place your cable panel.

FS.COM offers different fiber patch panel types with super quality to help customers optimize the telecommunication project. Hope we are the priority selection when you purchase networking equipment.

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FHD High-Density Fiber Cabling Solutions

In recent years, the data center has experienced an upsurge in the amount of fiber optic cabling due to bandwidth and storage requirements. At this point, high-density fiber cable management has become more critical than ever in today’s data centers and SAN (Storage Area Networking) environments. To meet the demand for space-saving and easy-to-manage fiber cabling environments, FS.COM has introduced FHD high-density fiber cabling solutions, including FHD fiber optic enclosures, FHD MTP cassette, and FHD fiber patch panel.

FHD Series Fiber Cabling System for Next-Generation Data Center

FHD series provides a comprehensive line of solutions for fiber optic cabling. The combination of fiber enclosure and fiber patch panel or MPO/MTP modular cassette can deliver the easier MACs and the flexibility to migrate to higher data speeds. The FHD series high-density fiber cabling system includes:

 FHD Fiber Enclosure  FHD Fiber Patch Panel  FHD MPO MTP Cassette
FHD Fiber Enclosure FHD Fiber Patch Panel FHD MPO/MTP Cassette
(1) FHD Fiber Optic Enclosure for Superior Fiber Network Architecture

Fiber optic enclosures are usually used to house, organize, manage and protect fiber optic cable, terminations, splices, connectors and patch cords. FHD fiber enclosure shall accommodate all FHD fiber patch panel and MPO/MTP cassette. It comes in 1U, 2U, and 4U FHD rack mount enclosure and 2-door wall mount enclosure. The 1U rack mount enclosure has slide-out type and cover removable type which can hold 4 x fiber patch panels or MPO/MTP cassettes up to 96 fibers. The 2U and 4U rack mount enclosure feature a fixed slide-out design that can support 8 x FHD fiber patch panels or MPO/MTP cassettes up to 192 fibers, and 12 x FHD fiber patch panels or MPO/MTP cassettes up to 228 fibers separately. Besides, the 2-door wall mount enclosure can hold 2 or 4 patch panels for an option. These FHD fiber optic enclosures shall fit integral cable management and bend radius control for transition to vertical cable managers.

(2) FHD MTP/MPO Cassette for Breaking out Multi-fiber Cables

MTP/MPO cassette is widely used for high-density cabling in data centers. It is pre-terminated and pre-tested enclosed unit which can provide a secure transition between MTP/MPO and LC/SC discrete connectors. And it is usually structured with LC/SC adapters on the front side of the cassette and MTP/MPO adapters at the rear of the cassette. More importantly, it can break out MPO/MTP connectors into separate SC/LC ports. All of the fiber wiring is done internal to the cassette, so it meets the demand for quick and easy installation. FHD MTP/MPO cassette has three types: FHD MTP/MPO-24 cassette, FHD MTP/MPO-12 cassette, and FHD MTP/MPO-8 cassette in single mode and multimode version.

(3) FHD Fiber Patch Panel for Quick and Easy Connections

FHD high-density fiber patch panel is designed to provide easy management of MACs of connections in the data center. There are three different adapter types in 6, 12, and 24 fibers: FHD LC patch panel, FHD SC patch panel, and FHD MTP/MPO patch panel. Without taking up a lot of space, these FHD fiber patch panels are perfect for increasing the bandwidth and connection density of your fiber cabling.

FHD High-Density Fiber Cabling Solutions

Solution 1: Fiber Enclosure + MTP/MPO Cassettes

The FHD MTP/MPO cassettes are usually mounted in FHD fiber enclosure, which provides the interface between the MTP connector on the trunk and the LC duplex fiber jumpers for 10G to 40G or 25G to 100G application.

FHD High-Density Fiber Cabling Solution

Solution 2: Fiber Enclosure + Fiber Patch Panel

In addition to mounting with MPO/MTP cassettes, the FHD fiber enclosure can also be loaded with FHD fiber patch panels to serve as a transition from backbone cabling to distribution switching, an interconnect to active equipment, or as a cross-connect or interconnect in a main or horizontal distribution area. Besides, the fiber patch panel can also be mounted in with 1U horizontal cable manager panel or blank patch panel for cable patching.


FS.COM FHD high-density fiber cabling solutions offer the advanced performance and reliability for space-constrained installations. Using a comprehensive solution of high-density fiber enclosure with either fiber patch panels or pre-terminated fiber cassettes provides a complete fiber cross-connect/interconnect patching solution for applications where maximum density is required. For more information about FHD high-density fiber cabling solutions, please feel free to visit www.fs.com.

Related Article: FHX Ultra High-Density Fiber Patching Solution

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Utilizing Base-8 Structured Cabling for 40G-10G & 100G-25G Connectivity

Although data center is migrating from 10G/25G to 40G/100G and beyond, it is often necessary to connect 40G/100G equipment with existing 10G/25G equipment. Base-8 cabling system is the most commonly used for 40G to 10G and 100G to 25G short and middle distance transmissions. But cable spaghetti has often occurred in the high-density breakout cabling environments. Therefore, FS.COM provides FHD, FHX and FHU solutions for Base-8 cabling, including both single mode and multimode versions.

Solution 1: FHD Fiber Enclosure + FHD MTP-8 MTP/MPO Breakout Cassette

For 40G to 10G and 100G to 25G, FHD MTP-8 migration cassettes are available with 8 fibers MTP-8 to LC cassette and 24 fibers 3 x MTP-8 to LC cassette (a compact version). They are usually installed in the FHD high-density rack mount fiber optic enclosures which can hold four Base-8 MTP to LC cassettes. On the front side, LC fibers are used to connect the LC ports of Base-8 breakout cassette; On the rear side, MTP trunk cables are used to connect the MTP-8 ports. The following picture shows the high-density Base-8 cabling solution by utilizing FHD series components.

FHD series Base-8 Structured Cabling

Solution 2: FHX Fiber Enclosure + FHX MTP-8 MTP/MPO Breakout Cassette

The FHX MTP-8 cassettes is a kind of fiber cassette module that can convert a single lane of parallel optic signals into 4 discrete duplex LC channels. It is structured with LC adapters on the front side and MTP adapters at the rear of the fiber cassette. So this Base-8 MTP fiber cassette is designed to upgrade existing LC links to SR4 parallel optics without wasting any of the fibers inside the cable. Besides, the FHX MTP-8 MTP/MPO breakout cassette is always mounted into FHX fiber enclosure for high-density cabling in data centers, for the reason that the FHX ultra high-density rack mount fiber enclosure can hold up to 144 fibers in 1U space. The combination of FHX fiber enclosure and MTP-8 cassettes is ideal to deploy a Base-8 connectivity solution for use in main, horizontal and equipment distribution areas. The following picture shows the ultra high-density Base-8 cabling solution by utilizing FHX series components.

FHX series Base-8 Structured Cabling

Solution 3: FHU MTP-LC Base-8 Breakout Cabling Solution

FS.COM FHU 96 fibers MTP-LC breakout patch panels are specially designed for these Base-8 applications, providing up to 48 10G/25G distributions. The front panel consists of 12 groups of 8 LC adapters for 10G/25G, and the rear panel is 12 MTP-8 ports for 40G QSFP+ or 100G QSFP28. On the front side, LC fiber cables are used to connect 10G/25G ports; and on the rear side, MTP fiber cables are used to connect MTP-8 ports. With the certain optical equipment, higher-speed equipment can be connected to slower-speed equipment successfully. Therefore, this Base-8 breakout patch panel allows for an easy upgrade path moving 40 to 4 x 10GbE or 100 to 4 x 25GbE connectivity. By the way, this high-density breakout fiber patch panel is available with both single mode (FHU 96 fibers MTP-LC OS2 breakout patch panel) and multimode (FHU 96 fibers MTP-LC OM4 breakout patch panel) versions for specified applications.


Base-8 cabling system can accommodate transmission speeds of 10G, 40G, 100G and beyond. For 40G-10G & 100G-25G connectivity, Base-8 breakout cassette and patch panel are your primary option for direct connection between LC and SR4 link. It can not only improve the cable management and protection or save your valuable space, but also eliminate additional cost and insertion loss. All in all, Base-8 structured cabling is the best investment for the future proofing.

Related Article:
High-Density 40G to 10G Breakout Cabling Solutions

MTP-8 Solution: Future-Proof Connectivity in Data Center

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NEMA & IEC Power Cord Types, Differences & Buying Guide

NEMA and IEC power cords have been used a million times in our lives. NEMA, namely National Electrical Manufacturing Association, is the industry group that sets standards for use in electrical products. And IEC (International Electro technical Commission) is a non-profit & non-govt organization that publishes international standards for AC interconnections between equipment. Both of them has some different variaties. This article introduces commonly used NEMA and IEC power cord types, and as well as some buying tips.

Where Thers’s Power, There’s a Power Cord

Power cord is a line cable or main cable that contains a pair of connecting couplers on either of its ends. Both ends are detachable from the electrical supply and device. It bears the burden of temporarily connecting a portable electronic appliance with the main electrical supply line and can easily and readily pass through a wall socket or an extension cord.

Power Cord Types

Just as the above image shows, the power cord assembly consists of two major parts. One is the cable plug. It is a male connector. Its use is for connecting the AC outlet to provide electricity. The other is the receptacle on the other end. Receptacle part acts as the female connector, which attaches to the equipment. There are several different types of connectors and interfaces used all over the world. The NEMA and IEC power cord types described here are the commonly used in North America.

NEMA Power Cord Types

The establishment of National Electrical Manufacturing Association (NEMA) certificates various power cord types throughout North American and other countries, ranging in amperages from 15-60, and in voltages from 125-600. Unique, non-interchangeable different plug types are created based on specific amperages or voltages.

There are many variants of the NEMA plugs available in the united states and north America countries, but NEMA 1-15-P & NEMA 5-15-P are the most common among them. NEMA type 1 consists of a round pin or prong right below the two flat prongs, while NEMA type 5 uses a third pin for grounding purposes.

NEMA 1-15-P—Two-Pole, No Ground

The NEMA 1-15-P is normally referenced as a two-wire non-grounding device that fits into a standard 110 VAC wall outlet. Rated for 125 V maximum, NEMA 1-15-P has two flat blades, just like the NEMA 5-15 plug, but has no ground pin. The female mating outlet for the 1-15-P is called a 1-15-R (R for “receptacle”). Most current versions of this plug have one blade slightly wider than the other.

NEMA 1-15-P power cord types

Ungrounded NEMA 1 plugs are still popularly used by manufacturers of small appliances and electronic devices because of the design’s low cost and compact size, and they are upward compatible with modern grounded NEMA 5 receptacles.

NEMA 5-15-P—Two-Pole with Ground Pin

The NEMA 5-15-P is a 3-prong grounded device which plugs into a standard 110 VAC wall outlet. The connector has two flat parallel blades, with a round ground pin located between and above them. The female mating outlet for the 5-15-P is called a 5-15-R (R for “receptacle”).

NEMA 5-15-P power cord types

IEC Power Cord Types

IEC power cord, either IEC 60320 or IEC 60309, is available in different combination of earthing, for temperatures and specific needs. When using these connecting couplers, the merchants just need to change the power cord that comply with these standards to achieve worldwide compatibility.

IEC 60320 Power Cord

IEC 60320 is recognized as the international standards used by most countries in the world, which specifies non-locking appliance and interconnection couplers for connecting power supply cords to electrical appliances up to 250 volts. The “320” refers to the number of the specification that describes power connectors. Different IEC 60320 power cord types ranging from C1 to C24 are specified for different combinations of current, voltage and temperature. For detailed information, please visit: How Much Do You Know about Power Cord Types?

IEC-C13-C15-C19-connectorNote: C13, C15, C19 are the most commonly used ones in data centers.

IEC 60320 C13 Vs. C15 Power Cord

Form the above image, we can easily see that IEC C15 is similar to the C13 power cord except for a notch opposite the earth in the C15 connector. In addition, IEC-C15 connectors will work in the C14 inlets however, IEC C13 connectors won’t fit into C16 inlets.

The IEC C15 connectors are specifically designed for higher temperature devices (up to 120°C), for example electric kettles, computing networking closets or server rooms, and PoE (Power over Ethernet) switches with higher wattage power supplies. While the standard IEC C13 power cord that runs everything from desktop/personal computers, monitors, printers and amplifiers to fixed-configuration switches. They are typically rated at 15A/250V (domestically) and 10A/250V (Internationally) with the temperature rating at 70°C.

How to Buy A Right One Among These NEMA & IEC Power Cord Types

It is extremely important to choose the appropriate power cord that will deliver high performance in terms of speed and durability. Following a few simple steps will help you make the right choice.

  • Identify the Correct Plug for the Country of Export

When deciding on the correct plug pattern, keep in mind that while some look similar that does not mean it is the right cord for the equipment. For example, removing a NEMA power cord from a cord set made with North American cable and replacing it with a Continental European plug (CEE 7/7 power cord) will not make the cord set acceptable for Europe.

  • Confirm the Voltage

The voltage rating for plugs in north America ranges from 100-127 to 200-240. Higher or lower amperage can mean a different plug pattern, even in the same country. It will destroy appliances if the 125 volts power cord is mistakenly inserted into a 220 volts receptacle,

  • Check the Current Rating of the Power Cord

Another specification to check is the current rating, the rating for north America are different from other countries 15, 20 and 30.

  • Choose the Plug Type, if Utilizing a Cord Set

The number of prongs in a plug varies from 2 to 5. The prongs can be oval, round, straight blade, and rectangular in shape. For North America, there are NEMA 5-15P and NEMA 5-20P. Knowledge of the current rating and voltage can help discern between the four types and choose the correct plug.

Final Words

When using power cord, it is essential to protect yourself and your tools with a proper ground system. FS.COM AC power cords e.g. IEC power cords, Locking power cords, NEMA power cords, etc. are available in optimal lengths and various colors. Power cord with one end of NEMA connector and the other end with IEC320 plug, are designed to meet multiple application environment.

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SFP Port vs RJ45, Which is Good for Switch Cascading?

Gigabit switch that offering greater speeds and compatibility has gained in much momentum in the field of networking. And with the unceasing demand for more bandwidth, network will grow to the point that we need to connect several gigabit switches together. Switch cascading is one of the options to link more than one gigabit switches. But here comes the problem: should I cascade switches via a SFP port or just through standard RJ45 ports? Is there any difference in regard to the speed and distance. This is we’re gonna explore in the article.

What Is Switch Cascading?

Cascading more than one switches enables us to have multiple ports interconnecting each of the switches in the group. But they are configured and managed independently. Switches that are cascaded together should all support Spanning Tree Protocol (STP), in order to allow redundancy and to prevent loop. Generally switches of any models or from any manufacturers can be cascaded. There are two options to cascade switches, either use copper SFP (1000BASE-T SFP) and fiber SFP port or via standard RJ45 port on the Gigabit switch.

SFP Port on Gigabit Switch

SFP port enables Gigabit switches to connect to a wide variety of fiber and Ethernet cables in order to extend switching functionality throughout the network. The SFP port allows the switch to connect to fiber cables of different types and speeds via fiber SFP module, or even connect to Ethernet copper cables through copper SFP module. As hot-pluggable I/O devices, both fiber SFP and copper SFP models can be used on a wide variety of products and intermixed in combinations of 1000BASE-T, 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX/LH, 1000BASE-EX, 1000BASE-ZX, or 1000BASE-BX10-D / U on a port-by-port basis. For more details on Gigabit switch SFP port and how to use sfp ports on switch, please read What Is SFP Port of Gigabit Switch?

SFP Module Type
Cable Type
Transmission Distance
Maximum transfer rate (distance of 1000m)
Copper SFP Module
Cat5 network cable
1000 Mbps/1 Gbps
Fiber SFP Module
Duplex LC
Fiber patch cable
≥ 100m
1000 Mbps/1 Gbps

RJ45 Port on Gigabit Switch

RJ45 ports are built-in ports in Gigabit Ethernet switch. To connect two RJ45 ports, Cat5e or Cat6 copper network cables are generally adopted. Here lists the specification of each network cable.

Max Transmission Speed (at 100 m)
Max Bandwidth
Cat 5e
1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps
100 MHz
Cat 6
1000 Mbps / 1 Gbps
100 MHz

Cascading Switches: SFP Port vs RJ45

So, here we have literally three options to cascading two switches:

  • Connect SFP port of the two switches via fiber SFP module and fiber patch cable
  • Connect SFP port of the two switches via copper SFP module and copper network cable (Cat 5e/Cat 6)
  • Connect the built-in RJ45 ports via Cat 5e or Cat 6 network cable

sfp port fiber sfp copper sfp

For fiber SFP port vs. copper SFP (or bulit-in RJ45 ports ), the benefit of using the fiber SFP port for switch cascading is that you will have more Ethernet ports available for your end points connections. Besides, both RJ45 ports and copper SFP module use electric signal to transmit data, fiber SFP module, however, uses light signal can tolerate longer distances and is less prone to interference. The other criteria is that fiber SFP module in most Cisco SFP switches is capable of higher speeds than the normal copper ports.

While for copper SFP vs. RJ45 ports, things become far easier. As they both utilize electric signal to transfer, the two options are basically the same. Except that the copper SFP module would generate extra costs and increase installation time. So when it makes sense to use copper SFP module instead of RJ45 ports? Only for cases where you need to connect between an all-SFP distribution switch and an all-copper edge switch. The reason the switches have SFP slots is to support connecting to a fiber optic network, either to talk to other fiber optic gear or especially to connect over distances that copper transmission can’t support at gigabit speeds.


It is thus clear that the choice between fiber SFP vs. copper SFP vs. Rj45 port when cascading switches actually depends on your specific cabling environment, and where the cable run is going. FS.COM offers a broad range of copper and fiber optic transceivers that fully compatible with major vendors on the market, which makes us the vendor of choice for optical network components and solutions. For any further information, please visit www.fs.com or contact us directly via sales@fs.com.

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