We have got benefits from the 10G stacking of SFP+ switches for the past decades, and the 10G SFP+ direct attach cable (DAC) makes the stacking low-cost. But when 10GBASE-T becomes a new port choice on 10G switches, stacking on 10G switches has to meet the issue about whether to choose Cat6a or SFP+ DAC. At first people think that Ethernet cable is cheaper and easier to deploy than SFP+ DAC, but later they realized the issue is not only about the cable cost.
Comparison of 10G Stacking Over Cat6a and SFP+ DAC
Before going on, it should be noted that this discussion is focused on 10G stackable switches that have both 10GBASE-T ports and SFP+ ports (such as Cisco 550X series switches, Dell 8024).
In terms of the cost, one Cat6a cable costs just one third of a 10G SFP+ cable of the same length. But cable price is not the only factor that contributes to the total budget in building a network. Let’s see some properties of these two technologies.
|Power Consumption Per Port||1-1.5 W||4-6 W|
|Max. Reach||10 m||100 m|
Obviously, SFP+ DAC uses much less power than Cat6a cable. It is important to know that for every watt of power consumed, typically two additional watts are needed for cooling. If there is a lot of ports in the stacking, this power consumption will be significant. So when power consumption matters a lot in your stacking, it will be a huge saving to choose SFP+ DAC instead of Cat6a.
Also in a case when low latency is strictly required, like in automated financial trading, it is also better to use SFP+ DAC for 10G stacking. Because for the same links and lengths, Cat6a presents higher latency than SFP+ DAC.
When you have many stacked 10G switches located at different places, i.e. at separate floors or at opposite ends of a hallway, Cat6a can achieve the stacking connection if it is less than 100 m. But typically you’ll be suggested to use fiber link, because the power consumption in long-term could exceed the extra cost for buying 10G fiber optics and cables.
As for distances more than 100 m, neither SFP+ DAC nor Cat6a can work. You have to turn to fiber optic patch cable and 10G SFP+ transceiver module.
Considering the total cost and performance of Cat6a and SFP+ DAC for 10G stacking, SFP+ DAC appears to be a better choice in short range. The low power consumption and low latency properties can help accomplish a good stacking, and thus shortening the downtime, improving resiliency, and simplifying administration.